Aim and Objectives:

This project addresses the challenge of understanding the Casimir effect in various environments, from plasma and magnetic media to astrophysical applications. The primary focus is to develop new theories, particularly in the realm of electron-positron plasmons, mesons, and nuclear forces. Key objectives include developing a semiclassical theory for the lifetime of electron-positron plasmons and exploring the role of Bose-Einstein condensation in astrophysics.


International Collaboration:


Led by prominent figures like Prof. Emeritus Barry W. Ninham (ANU, Australia) and Prof. Emeritus Iver Brevik (NTNU, Norway), the project boasts a rich international environment. Collaborative efforts involve studies on meson interactions, specific ion effects, and excited state interactions between molecules. The project will further enhance international ties through research exchanges and video meetings, incorporating expertise from across the globe, including Europe, the USA, Brazil, Australia, and China.


Local Environment:

The project is anchored at the Ensemble3 Center of Excellence, supported by the Horizon 2020 EU Framework Programme and the International Research Agenda Programme. 


Research Scope:

The project extends into physical chemistry, solution, and electrochemistry, foundational to fields from molecular biology to nanotechnologies. It will address fundamental issues in the application of molecular forces, refining theories that often overlook quantum mechanics. The research will explore electrodynamic fluctuation forces in geophysics, with implications for phenomena like ice formation on gas hydrates.


Applications and Impact:

Applications range from understanding ice formation in extraterrestrial environments to the stabilization of methane hydrates. This project promises significant advancements in molecular sciences, potentially transforming current practices in fields like quantum computing, vision, photosynthesis, and more.


Project leader: Dr.  Mathias Boström


Mathias Boström received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics from Linköpings Universitet, Sweden (2000) on quantum vacuum fluctuation-induced Casimir and Casimir-Polder interactions. After his Ph.D., he was employed as a postdoctoral researcher at Australian National University, expanding his knowledge on specific ion effects in colloidal sciences and biology. He then went back to Europe with his own grant from Swedish Research Council that supported him as a research assistant (corresponding to Assisting Professor) at Linköping University, and later did a postdoc at the University of Regensburg. He has been invited as visiting researcher at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and as visiting Professor at the University of Cagliari (Italy). He has worked as a senior researcher at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. Within two Norwegian FRIPRO projects, he was employed in periods at the University of Oslo (Norway) and NTNU (Trondheim, Norway). He recently joined the Center for excellence ENSEMBLE3 in Warszawa as a senior researcher.

He has collaborated with researchers from many countries (and different research fields ranging from theoretical physics, colloid chemistry, chemical engineering, and material science), including from Sweden, Norway, Australia, China, India, Italy, Germany, France, USA, and Brazil. As listed on Scopus, he published more than 114 articles or book chapters with 4366 citations and h-index of 32.



This endeavor builds upon a foundation of published works and ongoing research, with references available for detailed insights into the theories and methodologies employed.


[1] M. Boström, D. Williams, and B. W. Ninham (2001),
[2] M. Boström and Bo E. Sernelius (2000),
[3] B. W. Ninham and M. Boström (2003),
[4] B. W. Ninham, M. Boström, et al. (2014),
[5] B. W. Ninham, I. Brevik, M. Boström, Equivalence of Electromagnetic Fluctuation and Nuclear
(Yukawa) Forces: the π0 Meson, its Mass and Lifetime. Substantia (2022). Just Accepted. DOI:
[6] M. Boström, et al., "Self-preserving ice layers on CO2 clathrate particles: Implications for Enceladus,
Pluto and similar ocean worlds" (2021),
[7] M. Boström, C. Persson, B. W. Ninham, P. Norman, and Bo E. Sernelius (2013),

Applied Casimir Theory: from Mesons to Environmental Effects

Project leader: Dr. Mathias Boström

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